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  • Writer's pictureHabib Kara

Industry 4.0

Updated: Oct 12, 2023

What do these concepts, each of which creates a meaningful unity, mean that Industry 4.0 takes place in our lives? What does it mean? What does it do? We have compiled for you.



Industry 4.0 is a German experiment first mentioned in 2011. It is referred to as the 4th Industrial Revolution. In the realization phase, the introduction of concepts such as the internet of things, the internet of services and cyber-physical systems, vertical and horizontal integration, big data, cloud technology has been effective. In some countries, such as America, it is also called "digital revolution" instead of industry 4.0.


Cyber-Physical systems : Systems where a physical system is connected to an algorithm that works through a computer and is controlled through that algorithm and data flow is provided.


Horizontal and Vertical Integration : When talking about horizontal (integration between the same customer type and different sectors) and vertical (integration between different sub-sectors of the same sector) integrations, the important thing here is that this integration is carried out by collecting and analyzing data with the help of a computer algorithm.


Internet of Services : Devices and programs that provide digital integration between consumers and different services. For example: Internet banking. Thanks to the concept of the internet of services, services have ceased to be just a physical business, but also have an important place in digital transformation by taking place on a digital platform.


Internet of Things (IoT) : It is the infrastructure in which objects communicate with each other and with people at the same time.


Big Data : It is a large data repository where all data obtained from different infrastructures, different technological tools and objects are collected. Audience management is a concept that is frequently used in subjects such as public relations, advertising, and shakes the world of marketing and technology.


All these concepts combine to form industry 4.0, or in other words, digital transformation. While we've come this far, let's talk about the history of digital transformation. What are the first 3 stages of the industrial revolution? Is there a fifth stage ?


Industry 1.0 : The birth of production machines working with water and steam energy, late 1700s.


Industry 2.0 : Birth of electrically powered machines, late 1800s


Industry 3.0 : The use of electronic technologies in the production and control of information as a result of physical actions, the year 1969, when the first PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) emerged, can be counted as the beginning, it is a kind of special computers used in manufacturing control.


Industry 4.0 : As we explained above, industry 4.0 is a concept that was born conceptually for the first time in the 2010s. It aims to include technology as a partner in our lives, thus making our lives easier. Of course, this situation has also led to the emergence of some sociological questions. A large community has formed that perceives technology as a future threat. One of the aims of Industry 4.0 is to present technology as a friend, not a threat, but a helper. The emergence of these questions also parallels the emergence of the concept of industry 5.0.


Industry 5.0 : We heard this concept for the first time in 2017. The aim is to produce completely unmanned, robotic technologies. Technology is a tool, not a threat. It is even a part of society itself. The phrase technology for society and society for technology has emerged.


In examining industry history, we would like you to pay particular attention to one point. In the first 3 stages of industry history, there is a need for a development period of about 100 years at each stage. However, this period is getting shorter as technology develops and it is about 40 years between Industry 3.0 and Industry 4.0; Between Industry 4.0 and Industry 5.0, it goes down to about 10 years (or even less). Who knows, maybe industry 6.0 will meet us in the very, very near future…


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